Vascular Plants of the Gila Wilderness

Presented in Association with the
Western New Mexico University Department of Natural Sciences

Monotropa hypopitys Linnaeus
(Pinesap, Indian Pipe)

Family: Ericaceae

Status: Native

Hypopitys latisquama Rydberg
Hypopitys monotropa Crantz
Monotropa hypopitys Linnaeus var. latisquama (Rydberg) Kearney & Peebles
Monotropa latisquama (Rydberg) Hulten

Monotropa hypopitys is a saprophyte-- it has no chlorophyll and feeds on organic matter in the soil. In fact, on first glance it isn't even clear that it is a plant rather than a fungus. Monotropa used to be classified in its own family, called the Monotropaceae. The flower is structurally identical to the Ericaceae however, and it is now considered in this family.
Please click on an image for a larger file.

Monotropa hypopitys, photo Russ Kleinman, Mogollon Mtns., Bursum Road near Bearwallow turnoff, Aug. 5, 2007

Monotropa hypopitys, photo Russ Kleinman, Pinos Altos Range, Signal Peak Turnoff, Aug. 12, 2008

Monotropa hypopitys, photo Russ Kleinman, Richard Felger, Bill Norris & Leith Young, Mogollon Mtns., Bursum Road, Redstone Trailhead, Aug. 1, 2009

Monotropa hypopitys, DAZ herbarium specimen, collector Dale A. Zimmerman 2914, 11 September 1980, NM 15 near Signal Peak Road

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