Vascular Plants of the Gila Wilderness

Presented in Association with the
Western New Mexico University Department of Natural Sciences

(Plantain Family)

The Plantaginaceae have been greatly expanded by recommendations from the APG II (Angiosperm Phylogeny Group II of 2003.) Previously, the only native genus in New Mexico was Plantago. Now, based on genetic information, Penstemons have been added as have been Mimulus, Veronica and others. These genera were formerly of the Scrophulariaceae. It is difficult to give a short, concise description of this family, since it is defined genetically rather than morphologically to a great extent.

Callitriche heterophylla (Greater Water Starwort)
Limosella pubiflora (Mudwort)
Linaria dalmatica (Dalmatian Toadflax)
Maurandya antirrhiniflora (Little Snapdragon Vine)
Mimulus dentilobus (Toothed Monkeyflower)
Mimulus guttatus (Spotted Monkeyflower)
Mimulus rubellus (Red Stem Monkeyflower)
Nuttallanthus texanus (Texas Toadflax)
Penstemon ambiguus subsp. laevissimus (Sand Penstemon)
Penstemon barbatus ssp. barbatus (Scarlet Penstemon)
Penstemon barbatus ssp. torreyi (Scarlet Penstemon)
Penstemon fendleri (Fendler Penstemon)
Penstemon linarioides subsp. linarioides (Linaria Penstemon)
Penstemon metcalfei (Metcalfe's Penstemon)
Penstemon pinifolius (Pine Needle Beardtongue)
Penstemon pseudospectabilis subsp. connatifolius (Desert Beardtongue)
Penstemon rostriflorus (Beaked Beardtongue)
Penstemon strictus (Rocky Mountain Beardtongue)
Penstemon superbus (Superb Penstemon)
Penstemon thurberi (Thurber Penstemon)
Penstemon virgatus (Wandbloom Penstemon)
Penstemon whippleanus (Dusky Penstemon)
Plantago argyraea (Salt Meadow Plantain)
Plantago lanceolata (English Plantain)
Plantago major (Common Plantain)
Plantago patagonica (Wooly Plantain)
Schistophragma intermedia (Spiralseed)
Veronica americana (American Brooklime)
Veronica anagallis aquatica (Water Speedwell)
Veronica catenata (speedwell)
Veronica peregrina var. xalapensis (Neckweed)

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